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Crypto Fees Explained

A transaction fee is a fee that is charged when buying or selling cryptocurrencies or when transferring a certain amount of cryptocurrency from one wallet or exchange to another. Commissions are used to encourage users who keep the network running. They are also used as protection against malicious users and spam.

What are the different types of cryptocurrency transaction fees?

Exchange or wallet commission is a commission for executing a buy or sell order. These types of commissions are also a major source of revenue and are an integral part of business transactions. Network commission is a commission paid by the network, that is, a payment to cryptocurrency miners for the services they provide. Unfortunately, network commissions depend on demand, i.e. when the network is loaded, commissions increase dramatically, and vice versa. Wallet commissions are charged when people withdraw or send cryptocurrency from one wallet to another.

Cryptocurrency transaction fees vs. traditional bank transfer fees

A wire transfer is an electronic payment service to transfer funds, such as through SWIFT. When you make an international transfer, the intermediary making the transfer charges a certain fee.Intermediaries like banks or payment services like PayPal charge their customers certain fees. For example, PayPal charges 4.4% of the transaction amount for international transfers.

The process is different with cryptocurrencies. Essentially, users convert their funds into cryptocurrency on a decentralized exchange, add the recipient's address, pay the transaction fee, and send the cryptocurrency. In this case, the transaction fee is paid to the miners/validators. However, this commission varies depending on the blockchain network used for the transactions.

How are cryptocurrency commissions calculated?

For cryptocurrencies, transaction fees depend on the network used. For example, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin and Dash have different transaction fees.

Bitcoin network fees

Bitcoin transfer fees have two parts. The first part is money that goes to keep the system running. The second part is the incentive part, or as it is called, the reward for the miners. It is necessary for the transfer to get to the processing and confirmation as soon as possible. The commission is paid in Satoshi, which is the smallest coin on the network and amounts to 0.00000001 of a bitcoin.

Any transfer is a programming code. It depends on where the coins are going and where they are sent from. The length of the code chain depends on the number of participants in the transaction.

How does it work?

The first step is to check the transaction for compliance with payment parameters and standards. Nodes (computers that produce blocks and are part of the pool) check the entire history of bitcoin transactions of the sender of the coin;

The second stage is the inclusion of a valid transaction into the mempool. At this stage, the transaction is in the queue waiting for its miner (the user mining the coin and packing it into a block). At this time, the transaction is not yet considered completed;

The third stage is sending the coin to the block and signalling the transaction. The rate at which a coin is added to the block depends on the amount of the fee. The higher the fee, especially on peak network load days, the faster the transaction is completed.

Commission in the Ethereum network

The Ethereum network evaluates commission in gas, and gas determines how computationally costly a transaction is. In order to make a transaction or realize a smart contract, users must pay a commission on the gas. Interestingly, in a sense, the commission that users pay for each cryptocurrency transaction is determined by the amount they are willing to spend. In such cases, we are talking about a certain "auction." The more users are willing to pay to process their transactions, the faster they will be processed.


Transaction fees have always been an important part of the financial and investment services sector, including the cryptocurrency industry. This is because the funds collected in the form of these commissions are used by exchanges to run their business so that they, in turn, can provide investors with opportunities to invest in cryptocurrency. In addition, cryptocurrency transaction fees are necessary because paying them provides an incentive for miners to continue to fulfill their role in maintaining the blockchain network.